Great Bridge Primary School

The Curriculum - Early Years

The Curriculum - Early Years  |  Go back to Teaching


Early Years Overview

Term

Nursery Topics

Core Learning

Reception Topics

Core Learning

Autumn 1

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All About Me!

-         Body parts

-         Senses

-         Colour naming

-         Days of the week (ongoing)

 

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds

Finding my name and Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 5 counting objects using a counting finger

Matching numbers to quantities

Ourselves

-         Face

-         Body parts

-         Our family

-         People who help us

Literacy:

Phonics initial letter sounds and corresponding letters

Writing my name and simple words using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Writing numbers

Autumn 2

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Celebrations

-         Autumn

-         Bonfire night (firefighters)/ Diwali

-         Castle

-         Weddings

-         Christmas/winter

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds

Finding my name and Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 5, counting objects using a counting finger

Matching numbers to quantities

Celebrations

-         Autumn

-         Bonfire night/ Diwali

-         Dinosaurs

-         Toys (depending on length of term)

-         Christmas/winter

Literacy:

Phonics initial letter sounds and corresponding letters

Writing my name and simple words using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Writing numbers

Spring 1

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Traditional Tales

-         3 little pigs

-         Billy Goats Gruff

-         Jack and the Beanstalk

-         Nursery Rhymes

-         Chinese New Year

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds and sorting objects by their initial letter sound

Finding my name, writing marks that have meaning and Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 5 and 10, counting objects using a counting finger, counting in songs, matching numbers to quantities

First shapes and names

Traditional Tales

-         3 bears

-         Red Riding Hood

-         Noah

-         Gruffalo

-         Chinese New Year

Literacy:

Phonics initial letter sounds, final letter sounds and corresponding letters

Writing my name and simple words using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

High Frequency words

Beginning to read

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Writing numbers

Finding one more and one less

Positional language on, under, behind, in front etc.

Spring 2

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Fruit and Vegetables

-         Fruits- Handa’s Surprise

-         Veg- Oliver’ s Vegetables/ making pizza

-         Easter

-         Spring

-         Mother’s day

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds and more sorting objects by their initial letter sound

Finding my name, writing marks that have meaning, making the shape of some letters in my name and Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 5 and 10, counting objects using a counting finger, counting one more and one less, counting in songs

Matching numbers to quantities

Shops/Living things

-         Café- healthy eating- I like

-         Vets/ Recount of an accident

-         Easter/Spring

-         Mother’s day

-         Bear hunt

Literacy:

Phonics initial letter sounds, final letter sounds and vowels with corresponding letters sounding out CVCs using “flicky fingers”

Writing my name and simple words including high frequency words using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

High Frequency word reading

Beginning to read

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Counting in 1s, 2s and 10s

Writing numbers

Finding one more and one less

2d shapes and properties

Summer 1

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Living things

-         Animal life cycle

-         Animals and their babies

-         Vets and pets

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds and some final sounds and more sorting objects by their initial letter sound

Finding my name, writing marks that have meaning, making the shape of some letters in my name and Kinetic letters exercises

Numeracy:

Counting to 5 and 10, counting objects using a counting finger, counting one more and one less, counting in songs

Matching numbers to quantities

Sorting by colour, size and shape

Mini beasts

-         Snail/ Ladybird/ Bee/ Spider

-         Superbug

-         Gardens

Literacy:

Phonics initial letter sounds, final letter sounds and vowels with corresponding letters sounding out CVCs using “flicky fingers” Blending and segmenting

Writing my name and simple words, captions and sentences including high frequency words using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

Reading basic books and talking about what has happened

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Counting in 1s, 2s and 10s

Writing numbers

Finding one more and one less

2d and 3d shapes and properties

Summer 2

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Journeys

-         Holidays

-         Transport

Literacy:

Phonics listening for initial letter sounds and some final sounds and more sorting objects by their initial letter sound sorting by 3 sounds

Finding my name, writing marks that have meaning, making the shape of some letters in my name and Kinetic letters exercises

Talking about stories, sequencing events and explaining what happened

Numeracy:

Counting to 5 and 10, counting objects using a counting finger, counting one more and one less, counting in songs

Matching numbers to quantities

Sorting by colour, size and shape

Ordering by size

Around the world/holidays

-         England/ London

-         Brazil/ rainforest

-         India

-         France

-         Space

Literacy:

Phonics “Flicky fingers” to blend and segment

Writing my forename and surname, simple words, captions and sentences including several sentences about a given theme using Kinetic letters

Kinetic letters exercises

Reading basic books and talking about what has happened

Numeracy:

Counting to 10 and 20 / counting objects

Counting in 1s, 2s and 10s

Writing numbers

Finding 2 more and 2 less

Sequencing time

Calculations and problem solving (addition and subtraction)

Introduction to money coins and pennies

Ordering by size, quantity, length and height

 

Early learning goals (ELGs)

Children in the Reception class work towards the statements within the Early Learning Goals (ELGs). The ELGs are listed below. Teachers and their Learning Support assistants gather organise activities that allow children to practise the different elements of the Early Years Curriculum that lead to achieving the ELGs. This achievement is recorded in their learning journeys and the EYFS profile record.

 

The Early Years’ Curriculum is broken down into Prime Areas and Specific Areas. Children are taught skills and knowledge for all of these areas and have time to put their learning into practice while playing – This is “purposeful play”. During these sessions sometimes children will be allowed to choose whichever activities they would like – these are called Child Initiated Activities. Sometimes children are directed towards specific activities to ensure they experience the full range of early years learning. These are called Child Directed Activities.

 

Prime areas of learning and their associated ELGs

 

Communication and language development

This involves giving children opportunities to speak and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.

 

ELG 01 Listening and attention: children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

ELG 02 Understanding: children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.

ELG 03 Speaking: children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

 

Physical development

This involves providing opportunities for children to be active and interactive, and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

 

ELG 04 Moving and handling: children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.

They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

ELG 05 Health and self-care: children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

 

Personal, social and emotional development

This involves helping children to:

develop a positive sense of themselves and others

form positive relationships and develop respect for others

develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings

understand appropriate behaviour in groups

have confidence in their own abilities

 

ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness: children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.

ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour: children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

ELG 08 Making relationships: children play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.

 

Specific areas of learning and their associated ELGs

 

Literacy

This involves encouraging children to read and write, both through listening to others reading, and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials for example books, poems, and other written materials to ignite their interest.

 

ELG 09 Reading: children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

ELG 10 Writing: children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

 

Mathematics

This involves providing children with opportunities to:

practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems

describe shapes, spaces, and measures

 

ELG 11 Numbers: children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract 2 single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

ELG 12 Shape, space and measures: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

 

Understanding of the world

This involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

 

ELG 13 People and communities: children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.

ELG 14 The world: children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

ELG 15 Technology: children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.

 

Expressive arts and design

This involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials. It involves providing children with opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.

 

ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials: children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.

ELG 17 Being imaginative: children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.